Handbook for Minnesota Cities 你的法律影响明尼苏达市澳门唯一正规官方网站的综合澳门唯一正规官方网站.

表的内容

Learn about the different kinds of local government, 包括城市, 城镇, 县, and special districts such as lake improvement, 特殊服务, soil and water conservation, 分水岭, 学校, regional development commissions, and the Metropolitan Council. 了解地方澳门唯一正规官方网站与州和联邦澳门唯一正规官方网站的关系.

第二章: Change of Boundaries, Status, and Name

Learn the procedures for incorporating, 巩固, (三)解散城市及合并、分市并吞的有关程序. 了解州的城市边界调整单位在这些过程中的作用.

第三章: 法定的城市

明尼苏达州法律规定了两种基本类型的城市:在法定城市法典下运作的法定城市, and home rule charter cities operating under a local charter. Learn about the organization and general powers of statutory cities, the most common type of city in the state.

第四章: 自治特许城市

Understand the authority to form a home rule charter city, charter city powers and the ways it may be organized. 将特许城市与那些在法定城市法规下运作的城市进行对比. 这些宽泛的类别是明尼苏达州两种基本的城市组织类型.

第五章: 选举程序

Outlines election procedures, 通知, 投票要求, qualifications and training of election judges, and voting and counting procedures. Links to sample forms 和更多的 from the Secretary of State. Also learn about voter residency and eligibility, absentee voting and voter registration; eligibility for city office candidacy, how candidates file and withdraw, campaign finance reporting and fair campaign practices.

第六章: Elected Officials and Council Structure and Role

Understand the council’s role in city governance, including eligibility for office, council powers versus individual councilmember roles, and delegation of council power. 了解市长和职员的特殊角色,以及独立和咨询委员会和委员会的使用.

第七章: Meetings, Motions, Resolutions, and Ordinances

审查市议会在举行会议和公开听证会时必须遵循的要求, such as the Open Meeting Law and its exceptions, taking and publishing minutes, and parliamentary procedure. 学会什么时候使用动作, 决议, 或办理城市业务的条例,以及每个条例所要求的程序.

第八章: 城市管理人员

Learn about the duties of various city officials, the requirements for qualifying for office, and the problem of incompatible offices.

第九章: Working Conditions for Public Employees

了解职业安全与健康法案(OSHA)对工人安全所要求的保护, 以及国家《澳门唯一正规官方网站》规定的因工受伤的员工福利. 对雇员政治活动的限制和保护也包括在内.

第十章: 城市的许可

Understand the basic concepts in licensing such as city authority, 宪法问题, 优先购买权和费用. Learn about licensed activities such as liquor, 动物, 小贩, 企业, telecommunications 和更多的.

第十一章: 城市监管职能

管理城市各种活动的权力来自州法律. 了解城市最常规管和许可的活动,例如合法赌博, 速度限制, 交通违规, 停车规定, 公用事业公司, 宵禁, 闲逛, 露天焚烧, 噪音, 淫秽, 和其他人.

第十二章: Public Safety and Emergency Management

Find out how cities may protect the public safety through regulations, such as adopting and enforcing the State Building Code, and providing services like police, fire protection or ambulance. 学习如何准备和执行预防紧急情况的职能, 减少和修复洪水或龙卷风等灾害造成的伤害和破坏.

第十三章: Comprehensive Planning, 土地使用, and City-Owned Land

了解土地使用条例以制定分区及分区规则, and city land acquisition through dedication, negotiation and eminent domain. 管制和征收是城市土地利用控制的两种基本方法.

第十四章: 社区发展 and Redevelopment

了解城市建立企业补贴标准的要求以及城市可能创建的各种发展机构. 找到一个国家和联邦赞助的鼓励发展和再开发项目的概述. Most economic development tools can be applied to any size city. 这些工具是相互关联的,一个城市可能在一个项目中使用多个工具.

第十五章: 环境法规

Find out about the most significant environmental regulations, many required by state law and rules, 以及你有机会通过保护州水来帮助保护和改善你所在城市的自然澳门唯一正规官方网站, 水的质量, 观察管道安全, 调整农药, 和更多的. 在考虑实施时,将这些信息与您在社区发展方面的努力联系起来.

第十六章: Intergovernmental Cooperation

了解城市权力和程序,以促进澳门唯一正规官方网站之间的合作,如承包, 联合权力法案, land use planning and regional development, 城市的域外权力和与其他地方澳门唯一正规官方网站组织的联合. 对于责任复杂、澳门唯一正规官方网站不断减少的城市来说,合作可以完成更多任务.

第十七章: 责任 

了解城市面临的诉讼,以及限制责任的州法规和司法决定. Addresses tort liability of cities, 军官, and employees; statutory immunities; exceptions and limits to liability; and special causes of action, such as civil rights and antitrust.

第十八章: 保险及损失控制

保险帮助支付合法的索赔,并在无价值索赔时提供辩护. Learn about basic and specialty insurance coverage, fidelity and faithful performance bonds, 保险的来源, 和更多的. 了解损失控制措施——分析和应对危险的持续过程——如何减少伤害发生的可能性和索赔.

第十九章: 的收入来源

了解您在制定和执行城市预算时可以考虑的城市主要收入来源. Examples include state aid programs, charging for city services, 牌照及许可证费用, 投资收入, 城市企业基金, 税, street and highway funding, 和借款选项.

第20章: 市政预算

了解城市预算作为工作计划和沟通工具的特点. Understand the budget cycle and structures, 城市收入来源, typical expenditure categories, and planning for multiple-year expenditures, 像基础设施, with a separate capital budget. Become aware of how GASB and Truth in Taxation impact budgeting.

21章 房产税征收

了解城市的税务当局和财产税的作用过程. 了解物业税的流程,包括评估、估价和财产分类. 阅读有关征费限额, tax notification procedures (Truth in Taxation), 以及对农村保护区等特殊类别土地的税收差别待遇, 特殊服务地区, and taxing annexed or consolidated lands.

22章 支出, Purchasing, and Contracts

了解规范公共资金支付的州法律,如竞争性投标要求, best value and emergency contracting, 建筑合同, 与其他澳门唯一正规官方网站实体签订合同并采购顾问服务. 向市政官员寻求指导,禁止在市政合同中有个人经济利益.

23章 债务和贷款

查找关于债务和借贷的法律方面的信息,例如管理债券的法律, 偿债基金, and the impact of federal law. 同时阅读关于资本融资项目管理的实际建议和过程如何实际工作的描述.

24章 Financing Public Improvements

阅读常用的和授权的城市融资工具,为地方改善和经济发展提供资金. Includes discussion on issuing debt, 储备基金, improvement and 特殊服务地区, fees and connection charges, and state and federal road and bridge funding sources, 等.

25章 Financial Reports, Accounting, and Auditing

了解基本信息,了解城市日常财务任务和职责,如资金使用会计, internal control procedures, financial reporting requirements, federal and state auditing requirements and how to use them effectively, depositories and investment of city funds, 和城市破产.

26章 记录管理

Defines public records and outlines records management issues, 包括创建, 保留, 以及销毁记录, public inspection of records, 以及隐私权. 了解电子邮件、短信、网站等电子记录的管理理念. Learn about metadata, security, backups, and disaster recovery.